©SCS Journal ISSN 2225- 2215
Study of Changing Societies: Youth Under Global Perspective
Vol. 1'(5) 2012
General Editors: Olga Guzhva
Responsible editor for special issue: Dr Dariay Pavlova
Articles are subject to double blind anonymous peer review by experts, proof reading and editing to be carried out by organizers.
Submissions should be made in English and should conform to the Instruction to Authors and Author Guidelines
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Dr. Mikhail Beznosov, Dr. Roman Sheiko, Dr. Anna Amelina, Prof. Alpaslan Özerdem, Dr. Biswajit Mohapatra, Dr. Vincenzo Cicchelli, Prof. Vittorio Cotesta, Dr. Miŝo Dokmanovic, Prof. Jan M. Fritz, Dr. David Galbreath, Dr.David Görömbölyi, Dr. Boyd Johnson, Dr. Iryna Kosulya, Dr. Florent Marciacq, Dr. Javier Garcia Marin, Prof. Jonathan Mendilow, Dr. David Ondracka, Prof. Olexandr Serdyuk, Dr. Nataliya Velikaya, Prof. Francesco Villa, Dr. John P. Willerton, Dr. Martin Carrier, Prof. Yuriy Dubenskiy, Prof. Paulette Kurzer, Prof. William Dixon, Prof. Kostas Ant Lavdas, Dr. Muhammad Tahir Tabassum, Akbar Valadbigi, Prof Dr Svetla Koleva, Dr Arthur Atanesyan, Prof Walther Specht, Tetiayna Basina
Social Crime Prevention by Mobile Youth Work in Europe. A holistic community-based approach to include children and youth at risk and their families p. 4-17
The authors deals with the social work concept of Mobile Youth Work strives for inclusion and consists of Street Work, Case Work, Group Work and Community Work.
Keywords: social work, Mobile Youth Work, Street Work, Street Work, Community Work, children and youth at risk.
Towards a better understanding of the model of EU youth policy p. 15-36
The study subject of the paper is governance of youth policy of the European Union. The work provides an overview of the historical development of the youth policy, the administrative structure of EU youth policy and the main methods of the EU institutions in the youth field. The decision making process and authority decentralization among various levels is implemented in EU youth policy. This study explores the model of EU youth policy and discuss the capacity of this model to ensure cross-sectorial and multi-level cooperation in the youth field. Therefore theoretical concepts of multi-level governance helps to understand the working model of the EU common youth policy as youth policy model that transcends EU countries, various levels and sectors.
Keywords: youth, youth policy, multi-level governance, EU youth policy, cross-sector youth strategy
Molefe Coper Joseph
Social Agency of Low-Income ‘Young’ Women in Gaborone City, Botswana p. 37-62
Empowerment should be a bottom-up process driven by a detailed understanding of how the disempowered sections of society view and respond to their own livelihood situations. The concept of social agency has brought a new perspective to the empowerment of women and other disempowered sections of society such as ‘the’ youth. This paper presents findings of a study which investigated how low-income ‘young’ women in Botswana exercise their social agency to improve their livelihood situations. The findings show that these ‘young’ women are indeed exercising their double social agency (both as women and as youth) to improve their livelihoods both in practical and strategic terms. They do not only demonstrate high sense of entrepreneurship but they are also becoming strategic in self-social positioning within their complex socio-cultural contexts. Although they are exercising their social agency in many different ways their main concern is to enhance livelihood situation of their families.
Key words: gender, livelihood trajectories, empowerment, social agency, young women
Ádám Nagy, Levente Székely
The Civil Youth Segment in Hungary p. 63-83
This area is in a more adverse situation compared to the other segments in Hungary. The financial situation became increasingly difficult, the support from the state decreased, and the organizations are partly capable to support themselves from other sources. Additional harms may be caused by the bursting out of financial scandals. As a result of the adverse processes, caring about the youth generations’ specific problems continuously loses from its importance. Further hardens the situation that the civil organisms did not manage to create a united representation of interest until now. This article not only reviews the statistics of the past years and its results, and calls the reader’s the attention to the unresolved problems, but formulates proposals regarding the future also.
Keywords: youth organizations in Hungary, Youth Civil segment, human resource of the Hungarian youth segment, financial situation of the Hungarian youth segment
Modern juvenile social Networks as “political notional grids” in the formulation of the political movement Discourse p. 84-96
The present paper is involved with the growing movement actions in Northern Africa and Middle East countries as well as in Europe. The social networks seem to play a crucial role in the development and achievement of this social uprising as the current social and political reality is perceived on a different interpretational basis and expressed by an emerging conflicting discourse. Dynamic areas of juvenile expression are formed in which claims about radical transformations, liberation and modernism are evident while the new political expression is associated with the creation of opportunities and expectations conducive to a higher quality of life. Individuals are turned from passive receivers into participants and actual protagonists through their publications and the formation of communities. Furthermore, a transition of the young mass from the communicative tactic procedure to the public presence is carried out. Individualism is replaced by collective participation while the sense of co-existence is promoted. The issue of change of the political system is placed in the center of attention by the juvenile movement while the notion of global democracy is promoted with special reference to equality in relation to prosperity. What is particularly depicted in the movements of the Northern Africa and Middle East countries is a progressive shift from the religious aspect towards a more secular version of rights. In Europe, on the other hand, the focus is placed on the globalization negative implications. Thus, all over the world, movement actions are legalized through the detachment of the established political system.
Keywords: democracy, juvenile culture, movement actions, participation, prosperity, uprising
Discourse Cultural connotations of adolescence and future challenges among Indian adolescents p. 97-107
Adolescence is the transitional stage of life. This transition involves biological, social, and psychological changes and is further complicated by the number of simultaneous nature of these changes.The present chapter attempts to deliberate the cultural connotation of the stage of adolescence and analyze the future challenges faced by Indian adolescents. In Indian context male and female adolescents have different experiences during adolescence as the cultural differences are vast with regard to their conduct and are based on traditional adult role stereotype. In some societies pubertal transitions are associated with the age of sexual maturity while in others these are associated with an age of religious responsibility. In many cultures and religions there are certain ceremonies to confirm puberty, and significant benefits and responsibilities are deciphered as direct outcome of this change. The codes prescribed in the ancient text of Dharamashastra are deeply rooted in the Indian psyche and continue to influence cultural practices towards adolescents in a powerful manner. Traditionally the onset of puberty is acknowledged by the family and new code of conduct is prescribed both for boys and girls. But in modern times the grip of traditional value system has loosened and it has got less definite. There is shift of family system i.e. from joint to nuclear family system. The influence of media and spread of ever pervasive modern day technological gadgets like mobiles, cameras, internet e.t.c has resulted in accelerating the process of demeaning the cultural traditions. The spread of diseases like AIDS/HIV/STD and rampant drug abuse has increased the vulnerability of adolescents’ manifolds. The present study suggests that there is urgent need to revive those cultural values and traditions which are helpful to increase the knowledge of adolescents about pubertal transitions and build the support system to cater the various dilemmas associated with adolescence.
Keywords: Adolescence, culture and adolescence, challenges of adolescents
Integrated education of youth with functional health limitations: technological resources Impact of the conflict situation on Education in Kashmir (A sociological Study) p. 108-120
The author outlines the problems of adaptation process of integrated learning in higher educational institutions. She considers information technologies, Internet technologies, interactive technologies, psychological technologies as tools to facilitate the adaptation of the subjects of the educational process in integrated educational groups.
Keywords:students with functional health limitations, higher education, integrated education, technology of educational process.
Impact of the conflict situation on Education in Kashmir (A sociological Study) p. 121 -134
The impact of Twenty-years-old conflict on Kashmiri society has proved deeper, wider and has engulfed the totality of social dynamics. In actuality, every sector and every section of the Kashmiri society suffer in totality at the individual as well as group level. Education was the major causality as a result of the conflict .The major cause leading to the decreasing working days were incidents of violence and crumbling of the entire system of governance. This paper aims to focus on the impact of the conflict situation on education of youth in Kashmir. The present study has been limited to youth enrolled in various degree colleges covering the faculties of general science, social science, Humanities, Business/commerce and computer science. The respondents were selected from the colleges of six districts of Kashmir province of Jammu and Kashmir.
Keywords: conflict situation, education