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©SCS Journal ISSN 2225- 2215
Study of Changing Societies: Comparative and Interdisciplinary Focus,
Vol. 2'(3) 2012
General Editors: Olga Guzhva
Articles are subject to double blind anonymous peer review by experts, proof reading and editing to be carried out by organizers.
Submissions should be made in English and should conform to the Instruction to Authors and Author Guidelines
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Dr. Mikhail Beznosov, Dr. Roman Sheiko, Dr. Anna Amelina, Prof. Alpaslan Özerdem, Dr. Biswajit Mohapatra, Dr. Vincenzo Cicchelli, Prof. Vittorio Cotesta, Dr. Miŝo Dokmanovic, Prof. Jan M. Fritz, Dr. David Galbreath, Dr.David Görömbölyi, Dr. Boyd Johnson, Dr. Iryna Kosulya, Dr. Florent Marciacq, Dr. Javier Garcia Marin, Prof. Jonathan Mendilow, Dr. David Ondracka, Prof. Olexandr Serdyuk, Dr. Nataliya Velikaya, Prof. Francesco Villa, Dr. John P. Willerton, Dr. Martin Carrier, Prof. Yuriy Dubenskiy, Prof. Paulette Kurzer, Prof. William Dixon, Prof. Kostas Ant Lavdas, Dr. Muhammad Tahir Tabassum, Akbar Valadbigi, Prof Dr Svetla Koleva, Dr Arthur Atanesyan.
Javier García Marín
Evaluating Different Models of Media Behavior During Armed Conflicts: is the Media in Charge of the Narrative? p.3-31
This paper deals with the different models that examine the relationship between political actors and the media during conflicts, taking into account that the contributions of top researchers indicate that the effects of political communication on the audiences are very different for episodes of foreign policy. Current academic perspective show several models that have been proposed to explain these relationships: Manufacturing Consent (Chomsky, Heman), Indexing (Bennett, Paletz), the so-called CNN Effect, the Cascade Model (Entman) and other ad-hoc models. This research attempts to demonstrate the validity of each of them applied to two episodes of the Spanish foreign policy: the Kosovo war in 1999 and the 2003 Iraq war. To this end, researchers have investigated the use of frames by the press and the political discourse over the whole duration of each conflict to try to find similarities and changes in speeches. The results show that some models better describe the observed behavior, and that one of the main variables could be the degree of political agreement on the armed conflict as some models predict.
Keywords: framing, indexing, foreign policy
Akbar Valadbigi, Bagrat Harutyunyan
Social trust: a confusion between lost and won. A comparative encounter with social trust among the Yezidis of Armeniaand North Iraq p. 32-56
Sparkling at the heart of social capital is social trust. Simply a two-word concept, social trust has proven to be an intriguing concept, one which has captured the interest and imagination of scholars, researchers, and professionals alike. The study of social trust among ethnic minorities is especially the object of current public concern. Although much ink has been spilled by researchers to dissect the state of social trust in burgeoning democracies, direct study of this concept is lacking among Yezidi communities. In an attempt to address this imbalance, therefore, the overriding concern of this paper has been to examine the state of social trust among two geographically different communities of the Yezidis; the Yezidis of Armenia and the Yezidi community of north Iraq. Therefore, the main question addressed in this paper is how much diversity in the level of trust may exist between these two communities. Along with shedding light on this question, the paper suggests feasible procedures, that if taken, the deficit of trust in some Yezidi-populated areas may be promoted.
Keywords: Trust, Yezidi communities, ethno-religious minorities, Armenia, north Iraq
Theoretical discussion: Networks or hierarchies: interaction between belief system and social culture of society p. 57-76
It is usually for social scientists to distinguish two mechanisms of interaction in social structures: the hierarchy and the network, while mentioning the existence of other alternatives. The author would like to return to the alternatives and highlight the hierarchy and the network as two states of interaction. Considering the network and the hierarchy as two states of interaction, the author identifies three subsystems of social culture and three types of belief system, in accordance with a given level. Interaction between selected subsystems of culture and types of belief system occurs in different ways in two different states and differently defines the social and political changes. The interaction analysis in the two states is the subject of this article.
Keywords: social and policy networks, hierarchy, subsystems of social culture, types of belief system, interaction state
International Migration and the Sociocultural Security Issue in EU p. 77-106
This paper deals with the security issue in contemporary world. Currently, migration is viewed not only as a threat to borders and national security in the light of transnational terrorism, human and drug traffic ect. But migrant communities become perceived as threats to the social order, norms and values in the scope of “native population”. If migrants are perceived as an internal treat, it leads to the appropriate activity and consequences. They are: the growth of right-wing, anti-immigrant political parties in many EU states and the demand of anti-migration policies. By-turn, migrant communities blame hosting community in xenophobia and violation of their basic rights that again leads to a new wave of anti-immigrant mood. This also shows the inherent inconsistency and relativity of security: security of one group can lead to insecurity of another one; state security can lead to insecurity of migrants and vice-versa. Author examines inherent inconsistency and relativity of security: security of one group can lead to insecurity of another one; state security can lead to insecurity of migrants and vice-versa.
Keywords: international migration, socio-cultural security tolerance, intolerance, EU
The Contemporary Utopia of Self-Realization p. 107- 118
Utopia in classic literature is a place in which community is a value in itself. The individual is tied to a collective that gives him a meaning for his own life and his moral value is based on his participation to the utopian collective. Imaging a utopia in this perspective is a form of moral rebellion, which is possible only foreseeing a better future in a progressive historical timeline. Contemporary societies put in question such assumptions, starting from breaking the social and collective prerequisite. Postmodernity contradicts its salient characteristics: there is no more a space for an absolute common good when society is liquid and focalised on present, every individual is in search of a its own happiness instead of creating a community, short-time has become the timeline of contemporary culture. This paper will describe the utopian dimension of contemporary societies by showing its contradictory feature compared to the classic model, referring to the theories of pragmatic sociology and the rise of project as ontological dimension of contemporary life.
Keywords: Utopia, postmodernity, pragmatic sociology
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